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The non-adult population of the Copper Age settlement of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville): a demographic, contextual and sociological approach

 
The non-adult population of the Copper Age settlement of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville): a demographic, contextual and sociological approach

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12205
Marta Cintas-Peña
Dept. of Prehistory and Archeology, University of Seville, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5222-8769
Leonardo García Sanjuán
Dept. of Prehistory and Archeology, University of Seville, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8404-9252
Marta Díaz-Zorita Bonilla
Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, University of Tübingen, Germany
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1697-0111
Ana Mercedes Herrero Corral
Dept. of Prehistory, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3536-1108
Sonia Robles Carrasco
Dept. of Prehistory and Archeology, University of Seville, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0343-730X
Summary

Based on the review of previous studies and the contribution of unpublished data, an analysis of the non-adult population of the settlement of the Copper Age of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville) is carried out. In total, 39 non-adult subjects buried in funerary containers of different types and distributed throughout the extensive chronology of this settlement are examined. As a result, the high variability of the proportion of this segment of the population in the funeral structures of Valencina is verified, as well as the existence of indications of a differentiated treatment for it. As part of the discussion, the association of these individuals with types of funerary containers, adult individuals and grave goods is examined, evaluating their demographic and social significance.

Keywords

Copper Age; Non-Adult Population; Bioarchaeology; Demography; Social organization; Funeral practices

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References

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German Aguilera, I .; Irurita, J .; Valencia, A. R .; Martínez, A .; López-Lázaro, S .; Viciano, J. and Botella, M. 2012: "Brief communication: the Granada osteological collection of identified infants and young children". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149 (4): 606-610. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22165 PMid: 23129190

Aliaga Almela, R .; Liesau von Lettow Vorbeck, C .; Blasco Bosqued, C .; Ríos Mendoza, P. and Galindo, L. 2015: "Infant burials during the Copper and Bronze Ages in the Iberian Jarama River Valley: a preliminary study about childhood in the funerary context during III-II millennium BC". In M. Sánchez Romero, E. Alarcón García and G. Aranda Jiménez (eds.): Children, spaces and identity. Childhood in the past Monograph Series 4, Oxbow. Oxford: 243-261.

Arteaga Matute, O. and Cruz-Au-on Briones, R. 1999a: "An assessment of the historical heritage in the field of silos of the El Cuervo-RTVA farm (Valencina de la Concepción, Seville) Emergency excavation of 1995" . Archaeological Yearbook of Andalusia / 1995. Junta de Andalucía. Seville: 608-616.

Arteaga Matute, O. and Cruz-Au-on Briones, R. 1999b: "The funerary sector of Los Cabezuelos (Valencina de la Concepción, Seville) .Preliminary results of an emergency excavation". Archaeological Yearbook of Andalusia 1995 III. Junta de Andalucía. Seville: 589-600.

Ayala Juan, M. M .; Alessan, A .; Safont, S .; Jiménez Lorente, S. and Malgosa Morera, A. 1999: "The infantile burials in the Recent Prehistory of the Levant and Southeast of the Peninsula". Annals of Prehistory and Archeology 15: 15-28.

Basabe, J. M. and Benassar, I. 1982: "Human remains of the deposits of Chichina and Valencina de la Concepción (Seville)". Tribute to Concepción Fernández Chicarro. Culture Ministry. Madrid: 75-92.

Baxter, J. E. 2005: The Archeology of Childhood. Children, gender and material culture. Altamira Press. Walnut Creek.

Beck, J. 2016: "Part of the family: age, identity and burial in Copper Age Iberia". In A. J. Osterholtz (ed.): Theoretical approaches to analysis and interpretation of commingled human remains. Bioarchaeology and Social Theory, Springer. New York: 47-73. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22554-8_4

Bocquet, J. C. and Masset, C. 1977: "Estimateurs in paléodémographie". Homme 17 (4): 65-90. Https://doi.org/10.3406/hom.1977.367809 PMid: 12311124

Botella López, M .; Alemán, I. and Jiménez, S. 1999: The human bones. Manipulations and alterations. Bellaterra Barcelona

Boulestin, B. and Duday, H. 2005: "Ethnologie et Archeologie de la mort: de l'illusion des références a l'emploi d'un vocabulaire". In C. Mordant and G. Depierre (eds.): Les pratiques funéraires à l'âge du Bronze in France, Actes de la table ronde de Sens-en-Bourgogne (Yonne). Éditions du CTHS. Paris: 17-30.

The harvest of El Garcel (Antas, Almería): storage structures in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsul

The harvest of El Garcel (Antas, Almería): storage structures in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12204
María de la Paz Román Díaz
Area of ​​Prehistory, Dept. Geography, History and Humanities. Faculty of Humanities. University of Almeria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1866-2286
Ruth Maicas Ramos
Dept. Prehistory. National Archaeological Museum, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6093-1016
Summary

Our study of El Garcel, one of the most important sites of Spanish prehistory, is based on the documentation and materials of the Siret Collection of the National Archaeological Museum. New dates are presented by Termoluminiscencia. In light of the new information on its structures and materials obtained for this work, we offer a different perspective on the occupation period of El Garcel and its spatial features, as well as on the activities carried out at the site. This allows us to develop a new perspective on the socio-economic role of the deposit in the Spanish southeast during Prehistory.

Keywords

Silos; Thermoluminescence; Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula; Neolithic; Chalcolithic; Bronze Age; IV, III and II millennium a. C.

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References

Acosta, P. 1976: "Excavations at the El Garcel site, Antas (Almería)". Hispanic Archaeological News 5: 189-191.

Alegre Frandovínez, I. 2005: "The geometric industry in the Ambrona Valley, Soria: raw materials, technology and typology". In P. Arias, R. Onta-ón and C. García-Moncó (eds.): III Neolithic Congress in the Iberian Peninsula (Santander 2003): 233-245.

Santander. Aranda Jiménez, G .; Camalich Massieu, Mª D .; Martín, D .; Morgado, A .; Martínez-Sevilla, F .; Lozano Rodríguez, J. A .; Rodríguez Rodríguez, A .; Mancilla Cabello, Mª I. and Román Punzón, J. 2012: La Loma (Íllora, Granada). A pit site of the VI-IV millennia cal BC. Monographs Archeology. Junta de Andalucía, Ministry of Culture. Seville.

Aranda Jiménez, G .; Lozano Medina, A .; Escudero Carrillo, J .; Sánchez Romero, M .; Alarcón García, E .; Fernández Martín, S .; Díaz-Zorita, M. and Barba Colmenero, V. 2016: "Chronology and temporality of prehistoric moat sites: the case of the Moroccan Lowlands (Jaén)". Prehistory Works 73 (2): 231-250. https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2016.12171

Bernáldez, E .; Bernáldez, M. and García Vi-as, E. 2013: "'Fields of holes', fields of compost ?: taphonomic and paleobiological study of the sector of La Gallega of the site of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville)". In L. García Sanjuán, J. M. Vargas Jiménez, V. Hurtado, T. Ruiz Moreno and R. Cruz-Au-ón (eds.): The prehistoric settlement of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville). Research and tutelage on the 150th anniversary of the discovery of La Pastora. Sevilla University. Seville: 421-444.

Blasco, C .; Galindo, L; Marcos Sánchez, V .; Ríos, P. and Liesau, C. 2016: "Expanding the Neolithic registry in the peninsular interior: unpublished occupations in three sites in the Madrid region". From the neolithic to the bronze edat in the western Mediterrani. You study in Bernat Martí Oliver homenatge. Miscellaneous Works of the Prehistoric Research Service of the Museum of Prehistory of Valencia 119. Valencia: 257-267.

Blasco, C .; Rubio, I .; Morales, A. and Jiménez, R. 1983: "A new site of the Bronze Madrid: El Negralejo (Rivas-Vaciamadrid, Madrid)." Hispanic Archaeological News 17: 43-190.

Cacho, C .; Fumanal, M. P .; López, P .; López, J. A .; Pérez Ripoll, M; Martínez Valle, R .; Uzquiano, P; Arnanz, A .; Sánchez Marco, A .; Sevilla, P; Morales, A .; Roselló, E .; Garralda, M. D. and García-Carrillo, M. 1995: "The Tossal of the Rock (Vall d'Alcalà, Alicante) .Paleoenvironmental and cultural reconstruction of the transition from Tardiglaciar to the initial Holocene". Recerques of the Museu d'Alcoi 4: 11-102.

Cardona, R .; Ferrer, C .; Morer, J .; Pou, J .; Asensio, D. and Tous, D. 2013: "Experimentació sobre emmagatzematge in sitges to Sant Esteve d'Olius (Solsona, Lleida) In A. Palomo, R. Piqué and X. Terradas (eds.): Experimentation in archeology. Study and dissemination of the past Sèrie Monogràfica of MAC-Girona 25.2 Girona: 309-317.

Castro Martínez, P. V .; Lull, V. and Micó, R. 1996: Chronology of the Recent Prehistory of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics (c.2800-900 cal ANE). British Archaeological Reports, International Series 652, Tempus reparatum. Oxford

Chapman, R. 1991: The formation of complex societies. The southeast of the Iberian Peninsula within the framework of the western Mediterranean. Editorial Critic Barcelona.

Chautón Pérez, H. 2010: "Archaeological intervention at the El Molino deposit, T. M. de Huelves, in Cuenca, November 2006-January 2007". In A. Madrigal and M. Perlines (eds.): Proceedings of the II Conference of Archeology of Castilla-La Mancha (Toledo 2006-2007) I: 408-427. Toledo.

The flint mine of the Ancient Neolithic of Casa Montero (Madrid, Spain), 5350-5220 cal a. C.

The flint mine of the Ancient Neolithic of Casa Montero (Madrid, Spain), 5350-5220 cal a. C.

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12203
Susana Consuegra
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5032-6856
Nuria Castañeda
Dept. of Prehistory and Archeology. Faculty of Philosophy and Letters. Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6563-5750
Enrique Capdevila
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5868-1070
Marta Capote, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2129-4397
Cristina Criado, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3535-6253
Cristina Casas, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5864-8470
Aurora Nieto, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2617-2906
Pedro Díaz-del-Río
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4150-6185
Summary

We present a joint and interpretative review of the evidence recovered in the Casa Montero flint mine (Madrid, Spain). We describe the technical and social aspects of flint mining in the specific historical context of the Ancient Neolithic societies of the Iberian Peninsula. The combination of all the recovered evidence allows us to suggest that mining in Casa Montero was probably a generational phenomenon, where acts of aggregation of small groups for the development of collective actions served as the basis to establish new political relationships beyond each individual group . This required a set of strategic preconditions, tactics and logistics, including the ability and ability to convene, design and organize an orderly set of actions such as those developed in the mine itself. We propose that these social preconditions are key to go beyond the formal and technical variability of mines.

Keywords

Iberian Peninsula; Central plateau; Ancient Neolithic; Flint mine; Radiocarbon dating; Learning; Laminar production

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References

Baena Preysler, J .; Baréz, S .; Pérez-González, A .; Roca, M .; Lazaro, A .; Márquez, R .; Rus, I .; Manzano, C .; Cuartero, F .; Ortiz, I .; Rodríguez, P .; Pérez, T .; González, I .; Polo, J .; Rubio, D .; Alcaraz, M. and Escobar, A. 2011: "Searchers and miners: first signs of flint exploitation in Madrid's region". In M. Capote, S. Consuegra, P. Diaz-del-Rio and X. Terradas (eds): Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the UISPP Commission on Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 2260, Archaeopress. Oxford: 203-220.

Burton, J. 1984: "Quarrying in a tribal society". World Archeology 16 (2): 234-247. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.1984.9979930

Bustillo, M. A .; Castañeda, N .; Capote, M .; Consuegra, S .; Criado, C., Díaz-del-Río, P .; Orozco, T .; Pérez-Jiménez, J.L and Terradas, X. 2009: "Is the macroscopic classification of flint useful? A petroarchaeological analysis and characterization of flint raw materials from the Iberian Neolithic mine of Casa Montero". Archaeometry 51 (2): 175-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00403.x

Bustillo, M. A .; Pérez-Jiménez, J. L. and Bustillo, M. 2010: "Geochemical characterization of siliceous sedimentary rocks formed by silicification in the Miocene of the Madrid Basin: archaeological utility". Proceedings of the National Institute of Geochemistry 16 (1): 327-329.

Capote, M. 2011: "Working in the flint mine: percussion tools and labor organization at Casa Montero (Spain)". In M. Capote, S. Consuegra, P. Diaz-del-Rio and X. Terradas (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the UISPP Commission on flint mining in Pre- and Protohistoric times. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 2260, Archaeopress. Oxford: 231-242.

Capote, M. 2013: Work and community in the old Neolithic: the percussion tools of the Casa Montero flint mine (Madrid). PhD Thesis. Complutense University of Madrid. http://eprints.ucm.es/21868/

Capote, M .; Castañeda, N .; Consuegra, S .; Criado, C. and Díaz-del-Río, P. 2008: "Flint mining in early Neolithic Iberia: a preliminary report on 'Casa Montero' (Madrid, Spain)". In P. Allard, F. Bostyn, F. Giligny and J. Lech (eds.): Flint mining in Prehistoric Europe: interpreting the archaeological records. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1891, Archaeopress. Oxford: 123-137.

Capote, M. and Díaz-del-Río, P. 2015: "Shared Labor and Large-Scale Action, European Flint Mining". In C. Fowler, J. Harding and D. Hofmann (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe. Oxford University Press. Oxford: 499-514.

Castañeda, N. 2014: The work of flint. The old Neolithic mine of Casa Montero (Madrid) and its Technical System. PhD Thesis. Autonomous University of Madrid. http://hdl.handle.net/10486/661865

Space, Punishment and the Discruption of Social Continutyin the World Bank

Adriana Dorfman

Soka University, Peace Research Institute

Abstract:

How can political science and international relations theories elucidate the ambiguity and complexity of Japan’s security identity? This paper offers a theoretical analysis of Japan’s vague security identity through the lens of analytical eclecticism as suggested by Peter Katzenstein in 2008. The reason this research employs analytical eclecticism is because it reconfirms that existing theories of orthodox international politics (classical/neo-liberalism and classical/neo-realism) and existing alternative approaches (constructivism) are incomplete in themselves, but are mutually supplemental within an eclectic research method. In an attempt to prove the applicability of analytical eclecticism and to investigate Japan’s changing security identity, this paper proposes four theoretical models of Japan’s security identity (a pacifist state, a UN peacekeeper, a normal state, and a US ally). By substantiating the validity of analytical eclecticism and visualising Japan’s elusive security identity, this paper attempts to make a contribution to the study of Japanese politics and to the application of international relations theory.

Keywords: analytical eclecticism, Article 9, Japan’s security identity, SDF.

The criminality, and the Part – time of Work in Kirino Natsuo`s Auto

Tobias Kraudzun

 

Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Colorado

Abstract

This paper examines depictions of women’s bodies in Kirino Natsuo’s 1997 psychological crime thrillerAuto(Out), focusing on the novel’s engagement with the ways in which Japan’s persisting domestic logic has informed contemporary economic structures and, by extension, complicated the question of Japanese female subjectivity. Ultimately, this reading aims to illustrate that the popularity of Japanese crime fiction is embedded not in the genre’s reproduction of literary conventions, but rather in its capacity to politicise the act of reading by offering audiences a critical lens through which to examine reality. Kirino Natsuo’s crime fiction paints a complex picture of contemporary Japanese urbanity. Her portraits of the modern Japanese city are gritty, her explorations of the criminal mind compelling, and her depictions of contemporary Japanese social relations unnerving, and often unequivocally bleak. Yet Kirino’s fiction does not merely present a pessimistic vision of humanity—rather, it calls attention to a number of largely invisible cultural conditions, frequently via the voices of characters representing social groups who have been historically relegated to the margins of public discourse. Kirino’s 1997 novelAuto(Out), which earned the writer France’s prestigious Grand Prix for Crime Fiction, is perhaps the most representative example of this quality of Kirino’s work. Via its intimate exploration of the lives of four women who are housewives by day andbentōfactory workers by night—and who are propelled by desperation into the criminal underbelly of modern-day Tokyo—the novel illuminates some of the particular ways in which women’s bodies have been positioned as instruments of late Japanese capitalism, and in doing so underscores the gendered logic according to which not only private relations but also grander socio-economic institutions in modern Japan operate.

Keywords: gender in Japan, feminism, Japanese genre fiction, women in the workforce.

Criticism of Russian Eurasianism

 

Javanshir Feyziyev Eyyub

National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Philosophy

Abstract:

The paper is dedicated in depth to the exploration of the Eurasianism and the neo-Eurasianism formed in its ideological basis. Works of Russian ideologists representing the Eurasianism idea, such as Danilevsky, Trubetskoy, Lamansky, Savitsky, Panarin and Dugin are critically analyzed. Russian Eurasianism is identified as a doctrine trying to prove the Eurasian hegemony of Russia and a politico-ideological system of Russian fundamentalism. It is implied that Eurasianism platform has been unilateral from its initial emergence striving for justifying the imperial politics of Russia and had not been able to escape from its partiality. However, Russia as a Eurasian state could gain an opportunity of favorable participation in the process of partnership among states in this region by relinquishing its claims to be an absolute dominant power both of Europe in Europe and Asia in Asia.

Keywords: Eurasia, Russian Eurasian Policy, globalization, Turkic states


 

Cultural Conceptions of Silk Road Trade and Merchant Activities in Medieval Eurasia

Donna Hamil

 

 


Access to goods for subsistence purposes, status displays, and prestige all fueled trading activities along the Silk Roads of pre-modern Eurasia, but the spread of major world religions influenced conceptions of trade as an honorable or dishonorable profession. Buddhist offerings and support of monastic communities helped to stimulate trading activities and economic prosperity despite injunctions against greed and wealth. Similarly, the Arabo-Islamic conquests in Eurasia were intertwined with the desire to control trade in certain prosperous areas of Central Asia. Both Confucian criticisms of long-distance trade and notions of Sino-centric superiority led merchants and officials to veil trade as tribute. Eurasian pastoral nomads' conception of trade as a positive activity owes more to pastoralism and their own subsistence needs than to any particular religious or state prerogatives. Yet, political needs did decidedly promote merchant activities during periods of nomadic state formation, such as during the Mongol Empire period. The diverse societies that thrived and traded goods along the Silk Roads structured their values concerning trade according to distinct socio-religious and socio-cultural world views. In some instances, trade was promoted by religious practices, while in other instances trade was promoted to meet political goals. In any case, regardless of shifting cultural frontiers that both divided and brought together differing social groups, merchants were able to successfully navigate a variety of value systems to move goods along the Silk Roads. In the end, no cultural, religious or political frontier was so impermeable that it could completely stop the flow of goods. The diverse polities and value systems in existence along the Silk Roads required merchants to navigate a wider repertoire of cultural negotiations, to understand that trading with different cultural and religious groups sometimes required enacting a different cultural script. When teaching an introductory World History course it is important to emphasize cross-cultural cooperation and affinities. However, it is just as important to examine the zones of cross-cultural contention, to discuss the ways in which differences were overcome, and to find the points where bridges existed, even during periods of hostility or warfare. When discussing the political, religious, and cultural power-struggles that occurred along the Silk Roads of Eurasia, trade provides a prime example of such a bridge.

Fair Representation? American Indians and the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition David R.M. Beck

David R.M. Beck


In conjunction with the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago Frederick Jackson Turner famously declared that the frontier had closed. Arguments regarding the accuracy of his declaration aside, the seminal change it represented was an outcome of the American project of expansion from a small nation hugging the Atlantic seaboard to a transcontinental entity on the cusp of becoming the greatest world power. From a settler colonial or settler/indigenous perspective this project was achieved by the dispossession of the land's original inhabitants of the bulk of their real estate and resources. This ushered in an abrupt new era of history for American Indians who suddenly found themselves impoverished, with their populations and communities decimated.

By the late nineteenth century American Indian economies across the continent, and indeed across the Americas, had been largely destroyed by a combination of imperial expansion and colonial and federal governmental policies. Indian communities were under severe assault on a number of fronts – economic, political, religious and social among them.The experiences of American Indians at the 1893 world's fair can be used in the classroom in a variety of ways. Many of the fair's visitors were newly immigrated to the United States and had their first experience observing Indians at the fair. Indians themselves largely viewed the American visitors, whether new to the country or not, simply as Americans. Students ought to consider the variety of goals of American Indians in terms of their own representation, the goals of the various groups representing Indians to the larger public, and the ways in which students think that the public perceived Indians. All of these questions can be raised in relation to the shift in American society from a rural to an increasingly industrial nation. The United States was on the verge of becoming the foremost world power. It is worth questioning how the nation reconciled its past with its future, and the people that were consigned to its past (American Indians) with the reality of their place in the rapidly changing world.


The impact of international health crises on the rights of migrants


Deisy Ventura

The fantasy of "foreigners carrying disease” justifies measures that restrict international migration and foster human rights violations

Abstract: This article offers an overview of the impact of health crises on the rights of migrants. It demonstrates that the repercussions of the Ebola crisis on human mobility is not a novelty. The association between foreigners and disease accompanies the history of epidemics and is part of the process of constructing national identities in the West, which maintains the potential for inciting or justifying human rights violations. Deisy Ventura argues that the restrictions on international migration adopted during the Ebola crisis are illegal under international health law and counterproductive to the effort to combat the epidemic. Furthermore, the she considers the security-based approach to international migration and health to be the seed of a kind of totalitarian utopia - it spreads the illusion that only surveillance systems are capable of preventing disease from propagating internationally, without, however, guaranteeing the right to health in all regions of the world. Finally, Ventura invites readers to look at the interface between the health crisis and international migration through the prism of the debates that animate the field of global health.

Space Museum: Heroism, Conformity, and the Conflicts of an Age 1

Space Museum:
Heroism, Conformity, and the Conflicts of an Age 1

Albert Wendland
Seton Hill University

From 1959 to 1964, DC's science-fiction comic Strange Adventures ran in every third issue an almost ideal anthology-format for science-fiction stories. The premise was simple: each month a father and his fourteen-year-old son visited the Space Museum, "one of the wonders of the 25th century,” which housed "mementos of the daring and heroism of the men who venture into space” (Fox, "Secret of the Space-Jewel” 2). On each visit, the father, Howard Parker, told his son, Tommy, the story behind a particular display that had been chosen by the boy. Since the reader heard the story too, this format was perfect for generating and framing a new plot for each installment, for arguing the heroism and worth of humanity, and for sharing the adolescent listener’s "sense of wonder” with the reader, whose assumed similar background encouraged identification. Tommy was white, male, middle class (he raced futuristic "soap-box” cars and was a member of that century's version of the Boy Scouts), and thus the values and aspirations of his and the audience’s assumed social group, as they existed for the era, could be communicated and reinforced through example--as Tommy is socialized, so is the reader. Furthermore, the editor of the series knew how to appeal to the sensibility of his market. He was Julius Schwartz, famed for being the main force behind the successful "Silver Age” resurgence of DC (or National) superheroes. 2 The writer of the series was his often-used and science-minded Gardner Fox, who also wrote Adam Strange and the popular Justice League of America. And the artist was Carmine Infantino, who drew Adam Strange and The Flash, the last being a seminal Silver Age work.

Archives

Publishing history (II), 2019

CONTENTS 

Article 1. PORTABLE HOMELANDS AND CIRCUMAMBULATORY READING: HEBREW PRINTING AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY TRANSLOCAL PUBLISHING NETWORKS
By: Shep, Sydney J.
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 5. Not Dead Things: The Dissemination of Popular Print in England and Wales, Italy, and the Low Countries, 1500-1820
By: Stoker, David
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 6. Old Books, New Technologies: The Representation, Conservation, and Transformation of Books since 1700
By: Killeen, Martin
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 7. Modern Print Activism in the United States
By: Erickson, Jesse R.
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 8. THE BOOK TRADE CRASH OF 1826 RECONSIDERED
By: Barnes, James J.; Barnes, Patience R.
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 9. REFEREES, PUBLISHER'S READERS AND THE IMAGE OF MATHEMATICS IN NINETEENTH CENTURY ENGLAND
By: Nickerson, Sylvia
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 10. CHARLES EDWARD MUDIE-DISSEMINATOR OF FRENCH CULTURE?
By: Cachin, Marie-Francoise
 
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 11. Self-Determination of Peoples: the concept and direction
By: Khalilov Gadir, Rovshan
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

Article 12. THE HISTORY OF THE BOOK, AUTHOR BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND LITERARY BIOGRAPHY: THE CASE OF GEORGE ORWELL
By: Willison, I. R.
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 13. Manuscript and Print in London c.1475-1530
By: Hughes, Lucy
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 14. Aspects of Book Culture in Early Modern England
By: Leedham-Green, Elisabeth
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2
 
Article 15. From the Penny Dreadful to the Ha'penny Dreadfuller: A bibliographic history of the boys' periodical in Britain 1762-1950
By: Immel, Andrea
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

 

 

Publishing history (I), 2019

Article 1. Corsican as a service to the Crown and business opportunity for individuals. The squad of Mallorca (1660-1684)  
Gonçal López Nadal, Antònia Morey Tous, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.1
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 4-17
 
Article 2. Land, industry and finance: rural elites and economic diversification in a crisis situation. The Catalan case (1875-1905)  
Ricard García-Orallo, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.2
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 18-29
 
Article 3. The debate between the Austrian School of Economics and the cooperative movement.
The assumption of an unequal perceptiveness of the agents  
Estrella Trincado Aznar, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.3
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 29-38
 
Article 4. Taylorism and worker response in the steel industry of Sagunto. Changes in the labor relations of the tardofranquismo  
Ana María Quílez Pardo, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.4
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 39-64
 
Article 6. Evolution and international projection of the Spanish shipbuilding sector 2002-2016. The impact of the Spanish tax lease system  
Celina González-Mieres, Cristina López-Duarte, Marta M. Vidal-Suárez, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.5
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 80-103
 
Reviews
Francisco Comín Comín, The sovereign debt crises in Spain (1500-2015), Catarata, Madrid, 2016, 317 pp.  
José Damián González Arce, doi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.6
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019, Abstract PDF, 104-107

Publishing history (I), 2018, Special Issue


1. STREET LITERATURE PRINTING IN STONECUTTER STREET (1740s-1780s)
By: Atkinson, David
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 9-53   Published: 2018
 
2. BUSINESS MODELS IN THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LONDON BOOK TRADE
By: Feather, John
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 55-83   Published: 2018
 
3. Thomas Dekker and the Culture of Pamphleteering in Early Modern London
By: Bell, Maureen
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 85-88   Published: 2018
 
4. Historical Networks in the Book Trade
By: Costas, Benito Rial
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 89-93   Published: 2018
 
5.The Materials of Exchange between Britain and North East America, 1750-1900
By: Armstrong, Catherine
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 95-98   Published: 2018
 
6. Book Design for Children's Reading: Typography, pictures, print
By: Archer-Parre, Caroline
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 99-102   Published: 2018
 
7.Toward 'Thorough, Accurate, and Reliable': A History of the Foreign Relations of the United States Series
By: Parfitt, Steven
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Volume: 78   Pages: 103-107   Published: 2018
 

Publishing history (IV), 2018

Articles
Lawrence G. Straus, PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 9-51

Susana Consuegra, Nuria Castañeda, Enrique Capdevila, Marta Capote, Cristina Criado, Cristina Casas, Aurora Nieto, Pedro Díaz-del-Río, PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, PDF, 52-66

María de la Paz Román Díaz, Ruth Maicas Ramos
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 67-84

Article 4. The non-adult population of the Copper Age settlement of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville): a demographic, contextual and sociological approach
Marta Cintas-Peña, Leonardo García Sanjuán, Marta Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, Ana Mercedes Herrero Corral, Sonia Robles Carrasco
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 85-108

Article 5. Figures and images: a quantitative approach to Galician petroglyphs
Carlos Rodriguez Rellán, Alia Vázquez Martínez, Ramón Fábregas Valcarce
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 109-127

Article 6. Updating knowledge: architecture, use and chronology of stepped monuments in Mallorca
Maria Gelabert Oliver, Jordi Hernández-Gasch, Antoni Puig Palerm
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 128-145
 
Irada Nizam, Avsharova 
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 146-159

Article 8. More than paintings of horses in the Cave of Ekain (Deba, Gipuzkoa): Paleolithic digital engravings in Western Europe
Blanca Ochoa, Irene Vigiola-Toña, Marcos García-Diez, Daniel Garrido-Pimentel
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, 160-184

Article 9. The Pico de la Mora (Peñafiel, Valladolid). A new walled settlement of the Normeteteño Initial Chalcolithic
Rodrigo Villalobos García, José Antonio Rodríguez-Marcos
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF, Abstract PDF, 195-212

Article 10. Archeometric and contextual study of the Villena / Estremoz gold bracelet of the Silo Cave (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain)
Amalia Pérez-Romero, Alicia Perea, Eneko Iriarte, Marta Francés-Negro, Ana Álvarez-Fernández, Alfonso Alday, Juan Luis Arsuaga, José Miguel Carretero
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, Abstract PDF,Abstract PDF, 233-251

Errata. Prehistory Works 74 (2) 2017: 252-258
Editorial Team, PDF

Publishing history (III), 2018


Article 1. ANNE FISHER'S NEW GRAMMAR: TEXTBOOKS AND TEACHING IN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Crosbie, Barbara; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.1
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.4-11
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Article 2. THE BERRY FAMILY OF NORWICH: THE RISE AND FALL OF A BOOK TRADE DYNASTY
Stoker, David; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.2
 PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.12-31
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Bakhtiyar Nabiyev; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.3
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.32-45
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Article 4. Renaissance Cultural Crossroads: Translation, Print and Culture in Britain 1473-1640
Coldiron, A. E. B.; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.4
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.46-57
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Article 5. Reading Groups, Libraries and Social Inclusion: Experiences of Blind and Partially Sighted People
Rubery, Matthew; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.5
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.58-73
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Article 6. Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, A Publishing History
Richards, Mark; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.6
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.74-88
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Article 7. The Elizabethan Top Ten: Defining Print Popularity in Early Modern England
Farrell, Craig; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.7
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.89-101
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Article 8. ALEXANDER STUART STRAHAN (c.1835-1918): 'A MOST GENEROUS PUBLISHER'
Oakley, Maroussia; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.8
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.102-118
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Article 9. THOMAS NELSON & SONS AND THEIR PUBLISHER'S READERS IN THE 1890S: CHANGE AND CONTINUITY IN JUVENILE PUBLISHING
Hagen, Anne Marie; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.9
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.119-131
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Article 10. Print Culture and Peripheries in Early Modern Europe: A contribution to the history of printing and the book trade in small European and Spanish Cities
Автор:: Shaw, David J.; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.10
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.132-146
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Article 11. Print Culture and Peripheries in Early Modern Europe: A contribution to the history of printing and the book trade in small European and Spanish Cities
Автор:: Shaw, David J.; doi: 10.89632.pubhis/79.18.3.11
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 79, 2018, pp.147-161
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Publishing history (I), 2018

Publishing history (II), 2017

Vol.72 

Researching and Teaching Exhibitions: Opportunities for Engaging World History in Context. p. 8 - 16
Guest Editor: Peter H. Hoffenberg
The Raw Materials of World History: Re-visiting the Great Exhibition's Objects
by Louise Purbrick. 17- 36 
Fair Representation? American Indians and the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition
by David R.M. Beck 37 - 55
How Do Exhibitions Travel? A Case Study of the Indian National Congress Exhibitions
by Denise Gonyo. p. 56 - 68
The Soviet Union at the 20th-Century World's Fairs
by Anthony Swift p. 69 - 108
World Expositions as Time Machines: Two Views of the Visual Construction of Time between Anthropology and Futurama
by Guido Abbattista and Giulia Iannuzzi . p. 108 - 136
FORUM: The Silk Road in World History
Introduction: The Silk Road
Guest Editor: Timothy May. p. 137 - 139
Manichaeism on the Silk Road
by Silvia Mantz p. 140 - 161
Cultural Conceptions of Silk Road Trade and Merchant Activities in Medieval Eurasia
by Donna Hamil p. 162 - 172
The Difficult Journey: Overcoming Harām in the Development of Islamic Ṭirāz
by Robert S. Klemm p. 173 - 202
History of Wars
Book Reviews 203 - 208
Alicia C. Decker and Andrea L. Arrington, Africanizing Democracies, 1980-Present
by Tyler Fleming
Heather Streets-Salter and Trevor R. Getz, Empires and Colonies in the Modern World: A Global Perspective
by Luke Keogh

Acces online

Formation, development and activity directions of independent political journalism in independent Azerbaijan

 

Article 4. Formation, development and activity directions of independent political journalism in independent Azerbaijan

By: Bahruz Guliyev

PUBLISHING HISTORY Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

Institute of Philosophy of National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan


Abstract

Political journalism seriously influences state policy and ideological activity. Interaction between media and the state, which is the main element of society, depends on Azerbaijan`s modern information policy.Azerbaijan is moving forward on the path of liberal democratic development. The ideology of Azerbaijanism is one of the decisive factors in the process of constitutional state and civil society building. At this stage, political journalism in Azerbaijan is in a unique position, it is free, independent and responsible. Independence and responsibility go hand in hand in the activity of democratic political journalism. In journalist activity professional ethics lies at the heart of its identity. Journalism must observe moral and professional norms. Apart from spreading objective, unbiased information, the mass media must also execute control over government activities.

In Azerbaijan, political media emerged in the 19th century, with first newspapers fulfilling solely enlightenment functions. Migrant press was mainly based in Turkey and Europe and supported by migrant organizations and intellectuals from the Northern and Southern Azerbaijan. Migrant press was promoting Azerbaijan`s realities worldwide, advocating freedom, independence and carrying out an anti-Soviet propaganda. Party, Soviet press was replaced by independent, democratic political journalism when the Republic of Azerbaijan restored its independence in the late 20th century. Thanks to a successful state policy, the activity of the media was regulated by law.

A number of achievements were made in the field of political journalism:

* Azerbaijan`s political journalism integrated into the global democratization and information system;

* Independent, democratic, private, government and opposition press emerged;

* Use of information and communication technologies, Internet contributed to a breakthrough in the national media system;

*New political journalism in Azerbaijan exerted serious influence on the policy of modernization and public consciousness, promoted national and moral values, statehood consciousness and traditions of Azerbaijanism, and powerful Azerbaijan ideas.

However, some political journalism outlets in Azerbaijan faced the following problems:

*Abuse of independence, irresponsible activity;

*Spread of biased, fake, prejudiced information contradicting national mentality.

So re-establishment, modernization of political journalism in Azerbaijan had some similarities with the west and also some national, specific peculiarities. Socially responsible, morally and legally regulated, developed mass media, social media emerged under conditions of market economy. As a civil society institution, the new media were defending statehood values. Autonomous, independent and reliable media play a key role in increasing society`s national and moral, political and cultural level, ensuring national information and state security.

 

 

The article analyzes methodological foundations and political essence of political journalism as a social institution, as well as interaction of politics and journalism. Based on historical and philosophical, political study, the paper analyzes peculiarities of realization of political journalism in the world and in Azerbaijan.

It says that political journalism fulfills informative, communicative, ideological, cultural and enlightening, organizational, recreating functions. The article emphasizes the essence of political journalism, which extensively highlights socio-political processes, and says that political journalism emerged in the west in the 20th century.

The subject of political journalism is studied as society`s political life and policy, one of the civil society institutions, politics-journalism relations, different modern approaches to political journalism, conceptions and theories are also studied.

In political media area, the role of media power in realization of political processes is studied. Media power is realization of democracy in political decision making and debates through information power. In other words, media power is the power of political journalism, the unity of media, political and economic power.

The paper also points out the place and role of media political science in the political system. Media political science is considered as a new phenomenon in the former Soviet republics. It is characterized as a phenomenon embracing systematic political theory, modern comparative media science, media and politics. Media political science is also believed to be related to mediazation of politics and media political processes.

The article studies the impact of journalist professionalism, which is a crucial element of political journalism, on the development of political processes. Journalists’ professional ethics, civil, ideological and political views. Social responsibility, respect for ethical, corporate norms and civil society values, public control play a key role in political processes. Political journalism should have the following tasks:

1. Training citizen-political journalist,

2. Building a legal framework for ensuring independent, socially-responsible activity of political journalism,

3. Creating ethical corporate norms in compliance with political values and establishing a system of public organization control for ensuring observation of these norms.

The paper studies the history of the political journalism in Azerbaijan, ideological struggle among different political parties, political press of the Soviet communist party, problems of political journalism in Azerbaijan in the early 20th century. It analyzes peculiarities of the formation of political journalism in Azerbaijan in the years of independence from the perspective of political science. The article notes that in Azerbaijan political journalism acts as a factor influencing the society`s stable development, multiculturalism, tolerance, unity of interests of individuals, state and society, ideology of Azerbaijanism and statehood, national consciousness, political culture. It studies the impact of different party political journalism on political consciousness and political culture in the multi-party system. It also analyzes the relationship between the internet media and Azerbaijan`s national political journalism.


Tottel's 'Songes and Sonettes' in Context

Article 3. Tottel's 'Songes and Sonettes' in Context
By: Boffey, Julia
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

IF ALL THE WORLD WAS PAPER AND ALL THE SEA WAS INK: SHIPS' PRINTERS AND PRINTING 1890-1960

Article 2. IF ALL THE WORLD WAS PAPER AND ALL THE SEA WAS INK: SHIPS' PRINTERS AND PRINTING 1890-1960
By: Breathnach, Teresa
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

PORTABLE HOMELANDS AND CIRCUMAMBULATORY READING: HEBREW PRINTING AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY TRANSLOCAL PUBLISHING NETWORKS

Article 1. PORTABLE HOMELANDS AND CIRCUMAMBULATORY READING: HEBREW PRINTING AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY TRANSLOCAL PUBLISHING NETWORKS
By: Shep, Sydney J.
PUBLISHING HISTORY  Volume: 80, Published: 2019, Issue 2

Study of national scientific legacy in conditions of academic library

Study of national scientific legacy in conditions of academic library
Safarova Aygundoi: 10.89632.pubhis/80.18.1.7
PUBLISHING HISTORY   Vol: 80, 2019

Abstract

Scientific legacy as one of main components of the modern global information space is integral part of moral and intellectual potential of every people as well as being an intellectual property of humanity. Academic libraries, in turn, play a leading role in transfer of this legacy. The introduced article below is for analyzing this function of the academic library. In Soviet era negative characteristics of library-information services made obstacles to develop this field for the use of scientists and specialists and as a result some complications appeared to occur.

Key words: ANAS CSL, national scientific legacy, information space, information service.

 

References:

1.ANAS CSL reporting of 2014

2.ANAS CSL reporting of 2015

3.ANAS CSL reporting of 2016

4.ANAS CSL reporting of 2017

5.Legislation of Azerbaijan Republic "About library work” (1994). Azerbaijan.March 14.

6.Directive of the president of AR about approving "State program on development of library-information field in Azerbaijan Republic in the years of 2008-2013, (2008). Azerbaijan, October 7”.

7.Aliyeva Kengerli A.I.  (2005), "Formation central scientific library funds in the period independence: trends of development and improvement (on the base of research materials)// Library science and information. p.5”

8.Khalafov A.A. "Heydar Aliyev and library work in Azerbaijan” (2005). Baku

9.Aliyeva Kengerli A.I. (2007). "Science’s information provision and libraries in modern Azerbaijan” Baku, Elm, p.394.

10. The directive of the president of AR "About improving activities of libraries in Azerbaijan”, () Azerbaijan, April 20.

11. www.mek.az - online resource

The traces of women's cults are in material culture of the Eneolithic and Bronze Age of Azerbaijan

The traces of women's cults are in material culture of the Eneolithic and Bronze Age of Azerbaijan
Department of Archeology and Ethnography, Faculty of History of Baku State University Irada Nizam giziAvishova, PhD, docent
https://doi.org/10.3989/pubhis.2018.786

Abstract
The Eneolite and the Bronze Age settlements of Azerbaijan were rich in cultural heritage. The material and cultural examples they inherited were shaped by the influence of cultural, religious-ideological, economic, political relations with the local tribes and the neighboring tribes. From this point of view, women's imaginative material-cultural samples, which are the product of the religious-ideological outlines of the tribes of the times, are of great importance and are considered to be topical issues of the time since they have not been studied by archaeologists. The period during which the first farmers and males lived in the area are considered to be the period of various economic sectors, including art and art. In recent years, archeologists have collected many collections of arts and crafts from tribes living in Azerbaijan. Among these collections, women's figurines from the influence of religious-ideological thoughts of the tribes of the time can be considered as rare art pearls.
 
Keywords:
culture, cult, ethnography, heritage, Bronze age
 
References:
1. Archeology of Azerbaijan (Stone Age). I vol. Baku, 2008, p.445
Ashurov S. H., V. Bakhshaliyev, S. Huseynova, F.Aliyeva. Archeological researches in the ancient settlement of I Maxta. Archeological researches in Azerbaijan 2011. Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Baku, 2011, p. 87-94.
3. Bunyadov Teymur. Azerbaijan archeology essays Azerbaijan State publishing house, Baku, 1960, p. 234
4. Master Rasim. Art of Azerbaijan. Baku, "West-East", Baku, 2007, p. 157
5. Ismailov Gudrat. Ancient cultural traces in the Guruchay and Kondalanchay valleys. Archeology and Ethnography Sector of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR "Elm" publishing house, Baku-1981, p.33.
6. Kamil Hüseyinoğlu. The origin, essence and typology of myths. National Azerbaijan Literature Museum named after Nizami of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Baku, Science and Education 1996, pp. 179
7. Guliyev F.E., Nishiyaki Y., Kadovaki S. and others. Archeological researches in the ancient settlement of Goytapa. Archeological researches in Azerbaijan 2011. Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Baku, 2011, p. 50-64.
8. Pearls of the collection of the National Museum of Azerbaijan History. Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences National History Museum of Azerbaijan. Baku, 2010, p. 256.
9. Najaf, Museyibli. Great Cut. Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences .Baku, 2007, p.227
10. R.B.Gayotov, A.N. Martynov. Archeology of USSR (textbook). Baku, "Maarif," 1990, 269 p.
11. Goyushova T. Archeological researches in Gedabey. Archeological researches in Azerbaijan 2011. Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Baku, 2011, p. 346-351
12. Ağayar Şükürov. Mythology. 4th book (Ancient Indian mythology) Baku, "Science", 1996, p.163
 
13.Abramova Z.A. Images of man in the Paleolithic art of Eurasia. . Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
14. Akaba L. Kh. About the agrarian cult of the Abkhazians. Selection of the history of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Additional materials of the session on the results of archaeological and ethnographic research in the USSR in 1964, Abstracts, Baku-1965, p.14-15.
15. Dyrenkova N. P .. Rezhititki ideology of the maternal kind of Altai Turks. In memory of VG Bogoraz, collection, L., 1937
16. Jafarzade I. M. Gobustan. Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR Institute of History Sector of Archeology and Ethnography. Baku, Elm, 1973, p.
17. Gryaznov MP Minusinskie stone women in connection with some new materials.-SA.Vyp.12,1959 345
18. Ivanov S.V. On the semantics of images on the ancient Buryat ongons-MAE, 1957, t.XVII
19. Ivanov S.V. Materials on the art of Siberia XIX-beginning. XX centuries. M., 1954, p. 697-Masson V.M. Middle Asia and the Ancient East. Moscow, 1964
20.Ismailzade G. Early land layer of the cultural heritage of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. "Miras" No. 4, Turkmenistan, 2001, p.98-102
21.Masimov.I.S...Skopki sanctuary of the Bronze Age at Altyn-Depe. Soviet archeology.nom.2, Nauka Publishing House, Moscow, 1973 pp.139-145
22. Mongayt A. L .. Archeology in the USSR. Moscow, 1955, p.104.
23. Myths of the peoples of the world. I t. Moscow, "Soviet Encyclopedia", 1992, 671c.
24.Narimanov IG Culture of the most ancient agricultural and pastoral population of Azerbaijan. Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR Institute of History Sector of Archeology and Ethnography. Baku, "Elm", 1987, p.259
25.Raushenbakh V.M. Female figurine from the site of Berezovy Mys.-MIA.-1965, №130
26.Piotrovsky B. B. Archeology of Transcaucasia. Leningrad, 1949.
27.Studzitskaya S.V. The image of a man in the art of baikal in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age (solid plastic). Soviet Archeology No. 1, Publishing House-Science, 1970, p. 19-33;
28. Tokarev S. А. To the question of the value of female images of the Paleolithic era. Soviet archeology. no. 2, Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1961str. 12-20.
29.Tech. B. V. To the history of the study of the monuments of the Eneolithic and Vronza epochs in the lower reaches of the Bolshoi Liakhvi River. Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR. South Ossetian Scientific Research Institute. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR, Tbilisi-1963, p.105.
30. Zamyatin S.N. Essays on the Paleolithic. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961
 



The harvest of El Garcel (Antas, Almería): storage structures in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsul

The harvest of El Garcel (Antas, Almería): storage structures in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12204
María de la Paz Román Díaz
Area of ​​Prehistory, Dept. Geography, History and Humanities. Faculty of Humanities. University of Almeria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1866-2286
Ruth Maicas Ramos
Dept. Prehistory. National Archaeological Museum, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6093-1016
Summary

Our study of El Garcel, one of the most important sites of Spanish prehistory, is based on the documentation and materials of the Siret Collection of the National Archaeological Museum. New dates are presented by Termoluminiscencia. In light of the new information on its structures and materials obtained for this work, we offer a different perspective on the occupation period of El Garcel and its spatial features, as well as on the activities carried out at the site. This allows us to develop a new perspective on the socio-economic role of the deposit in the Spanish southeast during Prehistory.

Keywords

Silos; Thermoluminescence; Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula; Neolithic; Chalcolithic; Bronze Age; IV, III and II millennium a. C.

Text complete:

PDF
References

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Alegre Frandovínez, I. 2005: "The geometric industry in the Ambrona Valley, Soria: raw materials, technology and typology". In P. Arias, R. Onta-ón and C. García-Moncó (eds.): III Neolithic Congress in the Iberian Peninsula (Santander 2003): 233-245.

Santander. Aranda Jiménez, G .; Camalich Massieu, Mª D .; Martín, D .; Morgado, A .; Martínez-Sevilla, F .; Lozano Rodríguez, J. A .; Rodríguez Rodríguez, A .; Mancilla Cabello, Mª I. and Román Punzón, J. 2012: La Loma (Íllora, Granada). A pit site of the VI-IV millennia cal BC. Monographs Archeology. Junta de Andalucía, Ministry of Culture. Seville.

Aranda Jiménez, G .; Lozano Medina, A .; Escudero Carrillo, J .; Sánchez Romero, M .; Alarcón García, E .; Fernández Martín, S .; Díaz-Zorita, M. and Barba Colmenero, V. 2016: "Chronology and temporality of prehistoric moat sites: the case of the Moroccan Lowlands (Jaén)". Prehistory Works 73 (2): 231-250. https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2016.12171

Bernáldez, E .; Bernáldez, M. and García Vi-as, E. 2013: "'Fields of holes', fields of compost ?: taphonomic and paleobiological study of the sector of La Gallega of the site of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville)". In L. García Sanjuán, J. M. Vargas Jiménez, V. Hurtado, T. Ruiz Moreno and R. Cruz-Au-ón (eds.): The prehistoric settlement of Valencina de la Concepción (Seville). Research and tutelage on the 150th anniversary of the discovery of La Pastora. Sevilla University. Seville: 421-444.

Blasco, C .; Galindo, L; Marcos Sánchez, V .; Ríos, P. and Liesau, C. 2016: "Expanding the Neolithic registry in the peninsular interior: unpublished occupations in three sites in the Madrid region". From the neolithic to the bronze edat in the western Mediterrani. You study in Bernat Martí Oliver homenatge. Miscellaneous Works of the Prehistoric Research Service of the Museum of Prehistory of Valencia 119. Valencia: 257-267.

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The flint mine of the Ancient Neolithic of Casa Montero (Madrid, Spain), 5350-5220 cal a. C.

The flint mine of the Ancient Neolithic of Casa Montero (Madrid, Spain), 5350-5220 cal a. C.

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12203
Susana Consuegra
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5032-6856
Nuria Castañeda
Dept. of Prehistory and Archeology. Faculty of Philosophy and Letters. Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6563-5750
Enrique Capdevila
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5868-1070
Marta Capote, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2129-4397
Cristina Criado, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3535-6253
Cristina Casas, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5864-8470
Aurora Nieto, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2617-2906
Pedro Díaz-del-Río
Institute of History, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4150-6185
Summary

We present a joint and interpretative review of the evidence recovered in the Casa Montero flint mine (Madrid, Spain). We describe the technical and social aspects of flint mining in the specific historical context of the Ancient Neolithic societies of the Iberian Peninsula. The combination of all the recovered evidence allows us to suggest that mining in Casa Montero was probably a generational phenomenon, where acts of aggregation of small groups for the development of collective actions served as the basis to establish new political relationships beyond each individual group . This required a set of strategic preconditions, tactics and logistics, including the ability and ability to convene, design and organize an orderly set of actions such as those developed in the mine itself. We propose that these social preconditions are key to go beyond the formal and technical variability of mines.

Keywords

Iberian Peninsula; Central plateau; Ancient Neolithic; Flint mine; Radiocarbon dating; Learning; Laminar production

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References

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Bustillo, M. A .; Castañeda, N .; Capote, M .; Consuegra, S .; Criado, C., Díaz-del-Río, P .; Orozco, T .; Pérez-Jiménez, J.L and Terradas, X. 2009: "Is the macroscopic classification of flint useful? A petroarchaeological analysis and characterization of flint raw materials from the Iberian Neolithic mine of Casa Montero". Archaeometry 51 (2): 175-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00403.x

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Capote, M .; Castañeda, N .; Consuegra, S .; Criado, C. and Díaz-del-Río, P. 2008: "Flint mining in early Neolithic Iberia: a preliminary report on 'Casa Montero' (Madrid, Spain)". In P. Allard, F. Bostyn, F. Giligny and J. Lech (eds.): Flint mining in Prehistoric Europe: interpreting the archaeological records. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1891, Archaeopress. Oxford: 123-137.

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The Upper Paleolithic of the Iberian Peninsula

The Upper Paleolithic of the Iberian Peninsula

https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12202
Lawrence G. Straus
Dept. of Anthropology. University of New Mexico, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0348-3338
Summary

This article tries to offer a relatively complete synthesis of what is known today about the transition from the Middle Paleolithic to the superior and the development of human adaptations and cultures during the last period in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal, as well as Andorra and Gibraltar). The emphasis of the work, which is inevitably selective and is based mainly on the most recent available bibliography, are the environmental conditions, the human settlement, the technologies, the subsistence and the artistic expression, from a perspective that emphasizes to what extent the nature and The extension of social networks has changed throughout the development of the late Isotope Marino 3 Stadium and all of Stadium 2. The objective is to cover all regions of the peninsula, despite their different histories of research and their uneven density of deposits. A general conclusion is that despite the climatic fluctuations of the Tardiglaciar, one can write different histories of the longue durée on important geographical units such as the Cantabrian (northern Atlantic) region of Spain, the Ebro basin, the Levantine (Mediterranean) Spain, Andalusia, the interior plateaus of Spain and the basins of the Duero and the Tagus, and the southern and central-northern regions of Portugal. In addition, in different degrees over time, there was both a peninsular cultural unit, created by social networks between those regions, and contacts with bands of hunter-gatherers north of the Pyrenees.

Keywords

Iberian Peninsula; Superior paleolithic; Chronology; Diversity and environmental change; Technology; Subsistence; Art; Tardiglaciar

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Azerbaijan as an important geopolitical center of the South Caucasus in the politics of the leading states of the world and region

Bakhtiyar Nabiyev 

Baku State University, History Department, Azerbaijan, Baku

 

 Abstract

 The article examines the importance of the foreign policy course for Azerbaijan. The point is that Azerbaijan only demonstrates its experience of implementing a balanced political course in such a complex region as the South Caucasus in a systematic or new geopolitical reality. This should be regarded as a step forward in the region's diplomacy. This aspect of foreign policy is very important from the point of view of international credibility as a result of the confidence in the country and its results. Nowadays, the coordination of activities within the framework of global organizations with the activities of regional organizations plays a crucial role in ensuring sovereignty. Azerbaijan has become an exemplary state that has implemented a systematic and multi-vector foreign policy course in the region, as well as world. Azerbaijan cooperates with all states on an equal footing. Noteworthy is that, strong states have to take account of Azerbaijan's fair position. This is an important point in foreign policy. The point is that Azerbaijan is the only country in the South Caucasus that has successfully pursued a balanced foreign policy. Baku skillfully balances the interests of the great powers in the region. Azerbaijan is thus gaining a geopolitical dividend that meets national interests. This issue should be considered as an integral part of the strategy of "flexible alliances.” Over the past two years, the leadership of the country has achieved significant results in this aspect, the relations with the United States and Europe have risen to a new level, and the relations in energy and security have deepened. The agreements reached during the visit to Britain and France once again reaffirmed the special role of Azerbaijan in the fight against international terrorism and its energy security. The European Union has shown its interest in raising the bilateral relations to a new level, in which relations with the European Neighborhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership Continues its active participation in the format of this event.

Keywords: Azerbaijan, South Caucasus, international relations, oil, region, world, gas